15 Mar 2018
1.To empower students by enabling them to build their own applications.
2.To introduce students to some effective tools to enable them to enhance their knowledge, broaden horizons, foster creativity, improve the quality of work and increase efficiency.
3.To enable students to learn to use the World Wide Web in order to gather knowledge and communicate with students and the academic community all over the world.
4.To enable students to learn to process words and numbers, analyze data, communicate ideas effectively and make the optimum use of computer resources.
5.To help students learn fundamental concepts of computing using object oriented approach in one computer language.
6. To provide students with a clear idea of ethical issues involved in the field of computing.
There will be one written paper of two hours duration carrying 100 marks and Internal Assessment of 100 marks.
The paper will be divided into two sections A and B.
Section A(Compulsory– 40 marks) will consist of compulsory short answer questions covering the entire syllabus.
Section B(60 marks) will consist of questions which will require detailed answers and there will be a choice of questions in this section
THEORY – 100 Marks
i)Introduction to Operating System. The need for an operating system, features and functions of an operating system and familiarity with installing and uninstalling software.
Functions and features of an operating system (examples of single user and multiple users); familiarize the students with installation and un-installation of connected peripherals and other related softwares like dictionaries, encyclopedias, etc.
ii)Graphic User Interface
Working with the Graphical User Interface (GUI), Elements of a GUI, handling files and directories under GUI, managing the desktop. Concept of an active window. Familiarity with the icons, the buttons and the task bar.
Resizing a window. Handling multiple windows. Creating folders. Copying items. Moving items. Deleting Items. Setting attributes of items. Creating shortcuts on the desktop, arranging the folders on the desktop.
2. The Internet
Internet, e-mail, WWW, modem and related protocols.
Working of internet,creating an e-mail account, sending and receiving e-mails, web servers, search engines to perform a simple search and Boolean operators to fine tune a search, basic working of a modem (modulation and
demodulation) through block diagrams only. Protocols and its need (FTP, HTTP,IMAP,POP, SMTP).Downloading information.
3. Computing and Ethics
Ethical issues in computing.
Intellectual property rights; protection of individual’s right to privacy; data protection on the internet; protection against Spam; software piracy, cyber crime, hacking, protection against malicious intent and malicious code.
The stress should be on good etiquette and ethical practices.
4. Office Application Software:
Word processor, Multimedia presentation and Spreadsheets.
Discuss the following features for Word Processor,Multimedia Presentation and Spreadsheets:
Opening and closing, saving, editing, formatting, printing, spell check, grammar and header/footer.
Word Processor– inserting a table and working with tables.
Multimedia Presentation– the students should be able to create a presentation using images / pictures, sound, video and custom animation. Students should be able to import material from word processors, spreadsheets, databases and internet.
Using formulae functions (mathematical), working with ranges, graphs and charts. Difference between absolute and relative references.
5. Database Packages
The need for database management; creating and saving a database; editing a database; performing calculations; modifying the structure of a database; sorting, indexing; querying; report generation. Working with multiple databases, object linking and embedding, creating applications. The need for database management for handling vast amount of data- storing, sorting, summarizing, classifying and retrieving quickly. Defining the structure of a database, entering data of various types, saving it in an appropriate area. Adding, deleting and modifying records, global editing. Performing calculations on one record or a group of records. Modifying the structure of a database by inserting, deleting or modifying fields. Sorting on one field/ multiple fields, sorting selected records/ all the records.
Indexing on one field/ multiple fields. The need for re-indexing. Sorting vs. Indexing. Setting query condition,
Relational and Logical Operators, setting query using multiple conditions.
Generating detailed or summary reports.
Working with multiple databases and explain the relationship (one to one, one too many, many to one and many to many) through real life examples.
Linking objects/embedding objects, linking vs.embedding. Creating database applications depending upon the
requirement of the user.
6. Elementary Concept of Objects and Classes
Modelling entities and their behaviour by objects; a class as a specification for objects and as an object factory; computation as message passing/function calls between objects (many examples should be done to illustrate this). Objects encapsulate state (attributes) and have behaviour (functions). Class as a user defined type.
A class may be regarded as a blueprint to create objects. It may be viewed as a factory that produces similar objects. A class may also be considered as a new data type created by the user, that has its own functionality.
All the four features of Object Oriented Programming should be defined and explained using real life
examples. Analyze each object and show how each contains attributes and responds to certain messages or permits certain operations.
Emphasize that an object is an instance of a class. A single object is just a bundle of values, one for each
attribute in the class.
7. Values and types
Tokens and its types, Primitive types, operations on primitive values, expressions, assignment (assignment is also an expression). Introduce the primitive types and the range of values each represents. Discuss all the operations that can be done with primitive types namely mathematical, relational and logical.
Discuss precedence and associativity of operators. Introduce the concept of type casting.
Introduce System.out.println and System.out.print, for simple output.
Discuss different types of errors occurring during execution and compilation of the program (syntax errors, runtime errors and logical errors).
8. Conditionals and non-nested loops
Application of if else, if else if ladder, switch-case (default, break).
Fixed number of iterations- the for loop. Unknown number of iterations -while loop, do-while loop.
The conditional/ternary operator (? 🙂 should be introduced at this point.
Loops are fundamental to computation and their need should be shown by examples.
Examples: various number based problems: prime numbers, composite numbers, perfect numbers, fibonacci numbers, etc.
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT – 100 Marks
This segment of the syllabus is totally practice oriented.
The accent is on acquiring basic usage skills quickly and efficiently.
Assignments and Application Building
Students should complete a number of laboratory
assignments during the whole year to reinforce the
concepts studied in the class.
The students should build one real life application
using elements from most of the packages used (topics
1- 7). Great care should be exercised to ensure that
most of the components of the packages are used while
building the application.
In Class IX mostly primitive types should
be used to construct Objects.
Suggested list of Assignments:
For topics (1 –5)
1.Connect to net. If you are already connected start a browser and a search engine and perform a simple search on any of the subjects. Then perform a Boolean search for the same topic and note the difference. Create your own email ID and send an e-mail.
2.A story is given in which the main character is a lady, Mrs. James. Make changes in the document using find and replace so that the main character becomes a gentleman Mr. Brown. Take care of the pronouns.
3.Design a presentation to launch an awareness program like “Save the Earth”.
4.Create a presentation to highlight the activities in your school.
5.Build a friendly database to access phone numbers, emails and addresses conveniently.
For topics (6-8)
The laboratory assignments will form the bulk of the course. Good assignments should have problems which require design, invention of an algorithm and only then implementation and testing. The problems will mimic a real life problem and require careful design or will require an interesting algorithm to solve it. They should also embody one or more concepts that have been discussed in the theory class. A significant proportion of the time has to be spent in the laboratory. Computing can only be learnt by doing. Some sample problems are given below as examples.
The problems are of varying levels of difficulty:
6. Enter marks of ten students in six subjects, find the total marks and the average of each student using Mathematical functions and make a chart on the basis of their average marks.
7. Create a table in a Word Processor for your class with the following fields: Roll No., Name, Date of Birth and Optional Subject.
8.Implement a Calculator class that models a hand held calculator. It should have (at least) the following functionality: addition, subtraction, multiplication, integer division, remainder, unary minus, enter, clear.
9. A student has a name, roll number, class in which studying, and marks in 6 subjects. Design a class for student. Write constructors, get and set functions and separate functions to return the total, percentage and grade.
10. Fibbonacci series is obtained by adding the previous two terms. For example:1,1,2,3,5,8,13,21…etc.
Fibbonacci primes are prime numbers that belong to the Fibbonacci series. For example 2,3,5,13… etc. Define a class NumberSeries with suitable methods which takes an integer argument and prints out all the Fibbonacci primes below that number.
11. n is a perfect number if the sum of all the factors of the number (including 1) excluding itself is n. For
6 = 1+2+3
Define a class called Number Problems which have
the following functions:
int sumOfFactors(int n)
which returns sum of all
the factors of the number n except itself.
boolean isPerfect(int n)
which returns true if the number n is perfect and false otherwise.
void PerfectNosBelow(int lim)
– which first prints
out all perfect numbers less than lim. Each perfect
number should be printed on a single line along
with its factors (see below). So for example the
This list is indicative only. Teachers and
students should use their imagination to create
innovative and original assignments.
Some Ideas for Application Building:
Trace the evolution of Computing over the
How computers affect human beings. Focus upon
the Ergonomic, Psychological and Social aspects.
Visualize the future based on current developments
in technology. Focus upon its impact and the
ethical questions involved.
Find out how each component of the computer
Build a presentation to explain what really
goes on, inside a computer.
Build a dictionary or a thesaurus database and use
it to find synonyms, antonyms and the
pronunciation of words.
Build a project to store the data of various cricket
teams and output i
t in a variety of ways. Make
future projections on the basis of this data.
Collect the data on the state of air/water/noise
pollution in your area with the help of your
chemistry teacher. Use your computer to keep track
of this data and analyze it. Launch an awareness
campaign and find ways to improve the situation.
You can make pamphlets and presentations with
the help of your computer.
Ask your teacher/ father/ mother/ Principal as to
what are the documents they need for their work.
Prepare a list and see
if you can make some
templates to help them. Help them with their
budgets, accounting and future planning.
Write a small book of poems or quotations and
index it. Build the table of contents.
You are building your own web page. What
material will you requ
ire? Create it.
Visit your school library. Build a project to handle
the issuing and returning of books.
Build a project to generate various quizzes and
Imagine you are organizing an event; say a three-
day computer festival in your s
chool. Use your
computer to manage all the planning and details.
Visit your Bank. Find out about the various kinds
of accounts e.g. Saving Accounts, Current
Accounts, Fixed Deposit Accounts, and Recurring
Deposit Accounts. Design a project to handle at
least one kind of account.
Visit a small retail organization. Build
a project to
handle the bills and inventory.
Visit your school office. Study the teachers’ payroll
system. Design a system to print pay slips.
Visit a hotel. Study the various processes. Design a
project to handle the booking and checking out.
Visit the L
IC office. Study how they handle various
policies. Design a project to handle any one kind of
Design a Booklet (Giving details of the
organization, courses offered and the additional
facilities provide by the Institute), Handbills and
Posters for a
dvertisement for a newly established
Create a multi page brochure for a travelling
agency, including the following points:
Description of the places to be visited
Schedules of various trips
This list is indic
ative only. Teachers and
students should use their imagination to create
innovative and original applications.
Application Building Assignments (Class IX)
Proposed Guidelines for Marking
The teacher should use the criteria below to judge the
internal work done. Basically, four criteria are being
suggested: analysis, design, execution and
effectiveness. The important questions to be asked
when evaluating each criterion are shown. 25% of the
total credit is assigned to each criterion
– so each is
equally important. The actual grading will be done by
the internal teacher based on his/her judgment.
However, one possible way: divide the outcome for
each criterion into one of 4 groups: excellent, good,
fair/acceptable, poor/unacceptable, then use numeric
or each grade and add to get the total which can
be multiplied by a suitable factor to get the final marks.
Has the problem been analyzed carefully?
Have suitable tools been chosen?
Is the choice of data structures proper?
Is the logic suitable for the problem?
How efficient is it?
Does the application run correctly?
Does the application solve the problem effectively?
The teacher in
-charge shall keep the record of all the
assignments and evaluate them internally.
-in-charge shall evaluate one application
built by the student. He/She shall ensure that most of
the components of the syllabus have been used
appropriately in the chosen application.
SOFTWARE FOR CLASS IX:
There is a wide variety of software
operating systems available but software has to be
chosen very carefully. Schools are expected to explore
any suitable Operating System or Software Package,
which is being used currently and is likely to be used in
future, and choose it for c
-5 of the
The criteria used in the selection of software should be:
It should have a good user interface so that the
beginners may learn to use it easily.
It should be used widely and be easily available.
The material related to the software should be
In this respect the latest versions of the chosen software
should be made available.
Great emphasis should be placed on ethics. Some
people do not object to using pirated software. They do
not realize that it has something to do with ethics. It is
important to introduce these concepts to the students in
the very beginning.
For covering topics 6-
Any suitable Operating System can be used.
For teaching fundamental concepts of computing
using object oriented approach, BlueJ environment
(1.2 or higher version) compatible with JDK (1.3
or higher version) as the base or any other editor or
IDE, compatible with JDK (1.3 or higher version)
as the base may be used. Ensure that the latest
of software are used